Il progetto RES H/C SPREAD per lo sviluppo delle rinnovabili termiche

Il progetto RES H/C SPREAD Renewal Energy Sources Heating and Cooling Strategic Actions Development (coordinato da ISINNOVA Roma) per lo sviluppo delle rinnovabili termiche

di Stefano Faberi, ISINNOVA, e pubblicato in Ecoscienza

Nell’Unione Europea il potenziale delle energie rinnovabili per il riscaldamento e il raffreddamento è ancora largamente inutilizzato. In Italia in particolare Il riscaldamento ed il raffreddamento costituiscono circa la metà del consumo energetico complessivo del paese rappresentando quindi una quota molto  importante dei consumi finali dell’energia, superiore a quella degli usi elettrici e del trasporto. Inoltre il 75% dei combustibili utilizzati per questi usi finali continua ad essere di origine fossile (di cui circa la metà è costituito da metano). Ciò significa che il settore del riscaldamento e raffreddamento ha un ruolo cruciale da svolgere nella transizione dell’Italia e dell’Europa verso un sistema energetico efficiente e decarbonizzato e nel raggiungimento della sicurezza energetica a lungo termine. La sfida è quindi quella  di mitigare la domanda di riscaldamento e raffreddamento aumentando l’efficienza degli impianti e degli edifici, massimizzando l’uso delle energie rinnovabili e riducendo i costi di riscaldamento e raffreddamento a livelli accessibili a tutti. La Commissione Europea è quindi seriamente impegnata nel promuovere l’uso di queste fonti e tecnologie energetiche, come dimostrato dalla Direttiva sulle Energie Rinnovabili, 2009/28/CE, (che definisce obiettivi nazionali vincolanti e piani di azione nazionali per le energie rinnovabili) e dalla Direttiva sull’Efficienza Energetica 2012/27/EU, (Art. 14, “Promozione dell’efficienza per il riscaldamento e il raffreddamento”).

In questo contesto, essendo la produzione e gestione dell’energia prodotta dalle rinnovabili strettamente legata al territorio ed, in genere, indipendente dai gestori nazionali, le regioni e i comuni svolgono un ruolo cruciale per la diffusione e valorizzazione di queste risorse naturali (sole, biomasse, geotermia). Il progetto RES H/C SPREAD (RES Heating and Cooling –  Strategic Actions Development), riconoscendo quindi la centralità del ruolo degli enti territoriali, si propone fornire loro supporto in termini di conoscenze e buone pratiche mirando a rafforzare la loro capacità di pianificazione in un quadro di sviluppo sostenibile.

A tal fine il progetto RES H/C SPREAD ha sviluppato, in collaborazione con sei regioni europee, altrettanti piani regionali pilota per il riscaldamento e il raffrescamento da fonti energetiche rinnovabili e ha prodotto, sulla base di tale esperienza, guide metodologiche e strumenti che sono messi a disposizione delle agenzie locali di sviluppo e delle amministrazioni regionali che ne volessero fare uso. Le sei regioni coinvolte, rappresentative delle principali zone climatiche europee, sia pur con prevalenza delle zone mediterranee, sono: Castiglia e León in Spagna, Emilia Romagna (Italia), la Regione di Riga in Lettonia, la Regione di Rodope in Bulgaria, la Macedonia Occidentale in Grecia e la Regione di Salisburgo in Austria. Il progetto RES H/C SPREAD è co-finanziato dal programma Europeo “Intelligent Energy Europe”, ed è portato avanti da un consorzio di 11 partner coordinati dalla società italiana ISINNOVA. I partners sono costituiti da agenzie energetiche nazionali (Greca e Austriaca), agenzie regionali di sviluppo e/o di gestione ambientale (in Bulgaria, Italia, Lettonia e Spagna) e da società di consulenza (in Italia). I partners italiani sono, oltre al coordinatore, l’ARPAE dell’Emilia Romagna ed il Comitato Termotecnico Italiano. Il progetto è iniziato nel 2014 ed avrà termine nell’ottobre del 2016.

Figura 1: Le sei regioni pilota in Europa

Il processo di sviluppo dei piani regionali messo a punto dal progetto si può suddividere in cinque passi fondamentali: visione strategica e definizione degli obiettivi, raccolta e organizzazione dei dati, analisi dei potenziali di domanda di riscaldamento e raffrescamento e di offerta di fonti rinnovabili e/o di calore a bassa temperatura e relativo sviluppo di mappe territoriali, analisi costi benefici, identificazione delle strategie di intervento e delle relative politiche di implementazione (in base agli obiettivi strategici fissati all’inizio). Queste fasi costituiscono un processo ciclico ed iterativo dove ognuna di queste si alimenta della precedente e fornisce i propri dati alla successiva. La figura seguente mostra schematicamente questo processo in cui la prima fase, quella della visione e della definizione degli obiettivi strategici, si sovrappone all’ultima dove vengono identificate le politiche per il raggiungimento di tali obiettivi.

Figura 2: Le fasi di elaborazione del piano regionale

L’intero processo di sviluppo del piano viene portato avanti in stretta collaborazione con i così detti “Country Governance Commitee” in modo da assicurare, sin dalla prima fase di lavoro, il coinvolgimento attivo dei principali portatori d’interesse della regione (amministratori regionali e comunali, imprenditori, gestori e distributori dell’energia, consulenti, ricercatori, ecc.). Questi comitati di governo regionali sono parte integrante del processo di sviluppo del piano e si sono dimostrati, in tutte le sei regioni pilota del progetto, fattori determinanti. I comitati hanno infatti sostanzialmente aumentato la consapevolezza sia del settore privato, specie per ciò che riguarda le potenzialità di investimento nelle rinnovabili termiche e le politiche da implementare per il superamento delle barriere economiche e normative, sia di quello pubblico così da consentire l’inserimento dei piani approntati dal progetto all’interno delle più generali politiche di pianificazione regionale.

Oltre all’importante esperienza conseguita a seguito della partecipazione dei portatori di interesse delle regioni pilota allo sviluppo dei piani, il progetto ha favorito lo sviluppo di mappe tematiche georeferenziate sui potenziali di domanda e offerta delle rinnovabili termiche. In particolare, in alcune delle regioni pilota che non disponevano all’inizio del progetto di tale strumentazione di analisi territoriale (come nel caso della Bulgaria, Grecia, Italia e Lettonia) ciò ha significato un notevole passo avanti in termini di sviluppo delle metodologie di analisi e stima dei potenziali di domanda, di geolocalizzazione dell’offerta di energia rinnovabile (come nel caso delle biomasse o della disponibilità di energia termica a bassa temperatura sia da fonte geologica che industriale) e di raccolta, ordinamento e patrimonializzazione di una notevole messe di dati. È il caso ad esempio dell’ARPAE dell’Emilia Romagna che ha potuto valorizzare le proprie banche dati ambientali e quelle sulle emissioni di CO2 incrociandole con le banche dati censuarie o con altre fonti di dati geroreferenziati. Le due figure seguenti mostrano, a titolo di esempio, la prima la mappa della domanda di riscaldamento invernale della Regione Emila Romagna, con aggiunte alcune notazioni metodologiche utilizzate da ARPAE per il calcolo di tali dati, e la seconda la mappa della domanda e offerta termica (impianti di teleriscaldamento, termovalorizzatori, ecc.) della città di Bologna. Queste mappe sono disponibili per tutti i maggiori comuni della regione.

Figura 3: Mappa della domanda di riscaldamento invernale della regione Emilia Romagna
Figura 4: Mappa della domanda e offerta di energia termica della città di Bologna

Un altro strumento importante utilizzato all’interno del progetto è stato l’applicativo EnergyPLAN, sviluppato dall’università danese di Aalborg per l’analisi costi benefici di interventi di efficientamento energetico o di introduzione di rinnovabili (www.energyplan.eu). Tale strumento è stato utilizzato dalla maggior parte delle regioni pilota per valutare la fattibilità economica di interventi di sostituzione o introduzione di fonti rinnovabili per il riscaldamento invernale.

Al termine del progetto (fine ottobre 2016) saranno disponibili per chi ne facesse richiesta guide metodologiche per lo sviluppo di un piano regionale. Tali guide contengono le basi di calcolo per l’analisi dei potenziali di domanda di riscaldamento e raffrescamento, le indicazioni delle principali basi dati GIS utilizzate dalle regioni pilota, le indicazioni per impostare il calcolo costi benefici mediante l’uso dell’Energy Plan come pure indicazioni e suggerimenti per gestire in modo efficace i comitati di governance.

RES H/C SPREAD - Presentation of final results

25th October 2016
COV2 10/191, Covent Garden
Place Rogier 16, 1210 Brussels

The project RES H/C Spread (2014-2016)  is coming to an end. For the last two and a half years the project has been working with a number of regional authorities in the EU on the development of plans and strategies to support sustainable heating and cooling.

A two-hour exchange between the EASME and EC representatives and the project team was held in Brussels on the 25th of October from 10:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. The meeting included presentations of the main results and successful experiences from participating regions.

Agenda of the final conference – 25 October 2016

Presentations

Overall introduction to the project

Final results – Castilla y Leon Region

Final results – Emilia Romagna Region

Final results – Rhodope Region

Final results – Riga Region

Final results – Salzburg Region

Final results – Western Macedonia Region

Convegno Nazionale: Riscaldamento e raffrescamento da fonti energetiche rinnovabili

Organizzatori: Regione Lazio, Progetto Europeo “RES H/C SPREAD”, Progetto Europeo “SmartReFlex”

Data: 7 ottobre 2016

Orario: 9:00-16:30

Luogo: Spazio Europa –  Via IV Novembre, 149 ROMA

Target group: Comuni della Regione Lazio, altre Amministrazioni Regionali, associazioni e professionisti del settore

Il riscaldamento ed il raffreddamento costituiscono circa la metà del consumo energetico complessivo dell’Italia rappresentando quindi una quota molto  importante dei consumi finali dell’energia, superiore a quella degli usi elettrici e del trasporto. Inoltre, benché nel nostro paese nel settore del riscaldamento e del raffreddamento sia in atto il passaggio verso l’energia pulita a basse emissioni di carbonio, il 75% dei combustibili utilizzati continua ad essere di origine fossile (di cui circa la metà è costituito da gas).

Il convegno intende fornire esempi di iniziative che alcune regioni italiane stanno intraprendendo in questo settore inquadrandole nelle più generali strategie e politiche nazionali ed europee. Per dare concretezza alle strategie politiche da mettere in atto, il convegno fornisce poi una panoramica sulle possibili modalità di finanziamento, dagli strumenti messi a disposizione dalla Ue, ai fondi strutturali della Regione Lazio, alle possibilità offerte dall’azionariato diffuso.

Maggiori informazioni e programma

Presentazioni

Third "RES H/C SPREAD" Country Governance Committee meeting

On June 8, 2016, RES H/C project experts as well as representatives from municipalities and the Ministry of Economy met for the third Country Governance Committee meeting, where the Riga Planning Region (RPR) district heating development programme (RES H/C Plan) was presented and discussed.

Presentation by Ministry of Economy
Presentation by Ministry of Economy

I. Brieze, the RES H/C SPREAD Project partner from the Riga Planning Region opened the meeting and updated partners on RES H/C project activities. The first part of the meeting started with a presentation from A.Pētersone, the Head of Energy Efficiency of the Ministry of Economy to introduce partners to the newest developments in energy planning and the new law on energy efficiency. The role of municipalities in energy planning and energy management was discussed.

The meeting was continued with the presentation from R.Cimdiņš, Head of Development Planning division of the Riga Planning Region. The main questions discussed were how the RPR district heating plan (RES H/C Plan) developed will be integrated into the regional development planning documents and how the plan could be used by regional municipalities. A. Kamenders from Ekodoma presented and discussed questions regarding future challenges and future development of district heating in RPR municipalities. The discussion was organized around implementation of district heating development programme in the municipalities of the Riga Planning Region, which is an important condition for its completion and implementation.

Discussion of RES H/C plan
Discussion of RES H/C plan

During the CGC meeting it was decided that the Regional Plan would be submitted and edited by an energy expert from the Union of Local Governments of Latvia. In addition, the Regional Plan will be sent to development planning specialists of RPR for final comments. The Regional Res Plan will be endorsed by the Riga Planning Region Development Council (consisting of Chairpersons of the Riga region’s 30 municipalities).

The Riga Planning Region, in cooperation with Ekodoma Ltd., have implemented the EU “Intelligent Energy Europe” programme’s “RES H/C Spread” project. This is being developed within the project energy planning guidelines for the Riga Planning Region. Their purpose is to identify and use the EU-wide best practices in renewable energy for heating and cooling, as well to achieve good practices in the transposition of regional planning documents. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Intelligent Energy Europe programme. The project is being implemented from April 1, 2014 to August 30, 2016.

Presentations

Energy planning and role of municipalities
A.Pētersone, Head of Energy Efficiency Division, Renewable energy resources and energy efficiency
Department of the Ministry of Economy
Read the presentation (in Latvian)

Development planning documents of Riga Planning Region – thematic action programms and energy planning solutions
R.Cimdiņš, Head of Development planning division
Riga Planning Region
Read the presentation (in Latvian)

Challenges and opportunities of a centralized heating system in municipalities. Regional heating development action programme
A.Kamenders, Executive Director
Ekodoma
Read the presentation (in Latvian)

Final Conference on the Energy sector today and tomorrow

In order to facilitate development of sustainable district heating, and discuss potential development scenarios and needed policies, a national RES H/C conference was organized on 12 May 2016 in Riga, Latvia. More than 100 participants attended, representing the biggest energy utility companies, representatives from ministries, parliament, municipalities, energy agencies, NGOs, universities and associations.

The conference has been divided into several parts, starting with plenary sessions and presentation from Ministry of Environmental Protection and Regional Development, The European Commission Representation in Latvia, Ministry of Economics, Latvian association of local and regional government, Latvian Association of district heating companies and Ekodoma. After that participants have spited in three parallel sessions were three interlinked question have been discussed. First parallel session was dedicated to question on future of district heating systems, second parallel session was discussing energy performance contracting and third energy planning issues in municipalities. After discussions in parallel session, second plenary sessions in form of discussion was organized. In the plenary representatives from Riga Technical University, Latvian Association of Heat Enterprises, Daugavpils city Council, Salaspils municipality, ESCO company and member of the Parliament were reflecting on main conclusions from parallel sessions and discussing main challenges associated with development of sustainable district heating. Conference was finished with networking activities.

In Latvia district heating is widely used and overall district heating presents potential to utilize low quality energy sources, integrate flexible renewable resources, improve air quality, improve overall system efficiency and possibilities to use excess electricity produced from renewable. To utilize those all different possibilities district heating system should be developed and investments planned in advance.  But taking into account that residential sector is the main energy consumer and majority of the Latvian building stock needs to be renovated it is possible that energy demand for heating will drop dramatically. When heating sales are dropping development of new services like energy efficiency service are extremely important. Participants have discussed about new methods for determination of inefficient costs and motivational tools for raising energy efficiency. There is still potential for fuel switch projects and use of RES like biomass, solar or geothermal energy.

It was agreed that in longer perspective district heating companies should develop 4th generation district heating technologies and systems, increase flexibility to permit utilization surplus heat.

Climate and energy model meeting in Austria

On June 8, 2016, the project “RES H/C SPREAD” was presented on the “KEM-Vernetzungstreffen” (climate and energy model regions meeting) in Waidhofen/Thaya in the Province Lower Austria. About 70 managers of Austrian model regions participated to get information about the newest outcomes of different research fields regarding energy efficiency and renewables.

RES-HC_Austria_dissemination_event_photo1At the beginning the two topics with the highest grade of novelty or relevance of all 19 topics were highlighted by separate presentations. One of these two was “RES H/C SPREAD” focusing on the usage of waste water energy within a 15-minute presentation and two-hour workshop session.

The presentation consisted of the main topics:

  • Lorenz Strimitzer (AEA): general intruduction, goal and scope of the project; waste water energy as an interesting option for regional planners
  • Franz Zach (AEA): the different aspects of waste water energy:
    • theoretical aspects using heat from waste water via heat exchanger and heat pump
      • in the sewage
      • after the sewage plant
    • realized examples in Austria
    • energy efficiency in the sewage plant
    • opportunities of financing projects
  • Gernot Stöglehner (BOKU, project “Abwasserenergie”): spatial planning aspects to enhance the usability of energy resources in the sewage plant externally
    • different spatial situation of sewage plants
    • potential of Austrian sewage plants for the Austrian energy system

After this presentation there was a two-hour poster session. Nineteen topics were addressed and the 70 KEM managers could walk from station to station to talk with the experts and to discuss about possible projects in the region.

Our RES H/C-SPREAD “waste water energy team” consisted of Franz Zach and Lorenz Strimitzer.

  • BOKU: Prof. Gernot Stöglehner
  • Ochsner Wärmepumpen (heat pump company): Gottfried Adelberger

On six posters (together with the project “Abwasserenergie”) the main aspects of waste water energy use and renewable energies in general were addressed.

RES-HC_Austria_dissemination_event_photo2In this session a lot of “KEM” managers who were highly interested in this topic discussed with the project team, partially about waste water energy in general due to the fact that it is a quite unknown field in Austria, unlike in other states such as Switzerland or Germany, and in various cases also about concrete project ideas in their region. A large number of new contacts were made and cooperation in the realization of new waste water energy between the project team and Austrian regions is highly likely  to take place.

The organization board acknowledged this topic as a very relevant one regarding the energy system of the future. Further cooperation is planned in the near future.

The RES HC Spread Focus Groups

The participatory process that led to the establishment of a shared agenda of strategic actions for the dissemination of renewable energy sources and increased energy efficiency in the thermal sector is briefly described. The agenda is the result of an intense work of co-design, which involved hundreds of experts and has seen the continued participation of about 40 regional and national stakeholders. The project is included in the participatory training process of new regional energy plan and of its three-year implementation plan, which will be approved by 2016 by the regional council.

ware that only a partecipative  approach would lead to an effective inclusion  the process took place in three main stages, corresponding to the three regional focus groups carried out with typical informal approach of “thinking methodology” design that have led to a real commitment of the participants.

The first workshop (1 December 2014) was aimed at the so-called visioning activities: the participants were asked to project themselves into an imaginary future reality in which the development of renewable sources for heating and cooling was fully made-up. The work was completed by a restatement of the results which led to the definition of objectives and targets for 4 four categories: energy efficiency in residential and commercial sectors, and industrial efficiency in the industry, energy production from renewable sources, research and development.

In the second workshop (3 June 2015) actions and measures have been developed to reconstruct the path that would lead to achieving the goals envisioned in the work of visioning.

In the third workshop (12 November 2015) has entered into the heart of the discussion on key technologies using RES thermal renewable sources, with particular focus on tools of knowledge, rules and instruments useful for their full entry into the regional market. For each measure we were made explicit responsibility for implementation, tools, indicators, implementation time and target.

The re-elaboration of the third workshop results led to the preparation of a comprehensive agenda of 52 actions divided into governance/policy measures, soft policy measures, measures relating to regulatory and financial aspects, and measures relating to technological chains.

The next workshop held at the Emilia-Romagna Region headquarters of on 11 March, as part of the series of events in the preparation of the new regional energy plan and of its three-year Implementation Plan. workshop presented the results of this work to a wider audience .

Short presentations of qualified speakers and interactive discussion supported by facilitators .was a successful mix

Watch the video
:

Third CGC workshop in Austria

The workshop was held March 10, 2016 at the Salzburger Institut für Raumordnung (SIR), Salzburg with the participation of 9 policy makers and stakeholders representing local municipality associations and the heat supplier utilities.

The objectives of the meeting were:

  • Reporting on the deliverable 6.2 (RES H/C PLAN);
  • Discussion of results (cost-benefit-analysis, scenarios);
  • Discussion of excess-heat potentials in the region (e.g. energy production from waste water, industrial excess heat potentials, cooling of server rooms etc.);
  • Next steps, memorandum of understanding (MoU).

AEA presented the advancement of its RES H/C Plan and circulated a handout among the participants of this meeting. The structure and contents of the plan have been thus discussed and agreed on. In particular, it was agreed that the RES H/C PLAN represents a valuable contribution to already existing regional plans (not limited to heating and cooling), bringing them additional areas of activity and related measures.

In addition, AEA presented in-depth cost-benefit analyses and scenarios in order to further analyze the situation until the year 2050. Based on this and on a thorough evaluation of the potential in the region, new possibilities to reach the targets have been identified and already discussed with the CGC (industrial excess heat, energy production from waste water, cooling and excess heat from server rooms etc.).

It is worth adding that the CGC members were generally very interested in the mapping of supply potential, as provided by the RES H/C plan. The information obtained in the project is a valuable contribution to already existing maps in the region produced by the company “iSPACE”. These local maps have been produced outside the project RES H/C SPREAD on behalf of the federal province of Salzburg. The results of RES H/C SPREAD will be integrated into the existing “iSPACE”-maps because they add important information, especially with regard to the Salzburg Lake District.

Finally, AEA promised to circulate the final RES H/C plan by the end of April, before the 4th CGC meeting, to be held by June 2016. The CGC members will thus have enough time to carefully read the draft and to give their feedback and recommendations. The plan will then be approved in the last CGC meeting, including the signing of the memorandum of understanding.

Second CGC workshop in Austria

The workshop was held on October 6, 2015 at the Salzburger Institut für Raumordnung (SIR), Salzburg with the participation of 8 policy makers and stakeholders representing local municipality associations and the heat supplier utilities.

The objectives of the meeting were:

  • Reporting on RES H/C SPREAD plans, maps, cost-benefit-analyses;
  • Discussion of the results regarding excess-heat potentials and costs and benefits for the region;
  • Discussion of the integration of results into regional planning processes; agreement on the way forward.

In this framework, the development of a methodology for mapping the excess-heat supply was thoroughly discussed as this resource has a considerable potential in the region. Also the methodology for the cost benefit analysis and the corresponding application scenarios was discussed, and it was agreed that this analysis would be coordinated in accordance with regional needs.