25th October 2016 COV2 10/191, Covent Garden Place Rogier 16, 1210 Brussels
The project RES H/C Spread (2014-2016) is coming to an end. For the last two and a half years the project has been working with a number of regional authorities in the EU on the development of plans and strategies to support sustainable heating and cooling.
A two-hour exchange between the EASME and EC representatives and the project team was held in Brussels on the 25th of October from 10:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. The meeting included presentations of the main results and successful experiences from participating regions.
On June 8, 2016, RES H/C project experts as well as representatives from municipalities and the Ministry of Economy met for the third Country Governance Committee meeting, where the Riga Planning Region (RPR) district heating development programme (RES H/C Plan) was presented and discussed.
I. Brieze, the RES H/C SPREAD Project partner from the Riga Planning Region opened the meeting and updated partners on RES H/C project activities. The first part of the meeting started with a presentation from A.Pētersone, the Head of Energy Efficiency of the Ministry of Economy to introduce partners to the newest developments in energy planning and the new law on energy efficiency. The role of municipalities in energy planning and energy management was discussed.
The meeting was continued with the presentation from R.Cimdiņš, Head of Development Planning division of the Riga Planning Region. The main questions discussed were how the RPR district heating plan (RES H/C Plan) developed will be integrated into the regional development planning documents and how the plan could be used by regional municipalities. A. Kamenders from Ekodoma presented and discussed questions regarding future challenges and future development of district heating in RPR municipalities. The discussion was organized around implementation of district heating development programme in the municipalities of the Riga Planning Region, which is an important condition for its completion and implementation.
During the CGC meeting it was decided that the Regional Plan would be submitted and edited by an energy expert from the Union of Local Governments of Latvia. In addition, the Regional Plan will be sent to development planning specialists of RPR for final comments. The Regional Res Plan will be endorsed by the Riga Planning Region Development Council (consisting of Chairpersons of the Riga region’s 30 municipalities).
The Riga Planning Region, in cooperation with Ekodoma Ltd., have implemented the EU “Intelligent Energy Europe” programme’s “RES H/C Spread” project. This is being developed within the project energy planning guidelines for the Riga Planning Region. Their purpose is to identify and use the EU-wide best practices in renewable energy for heating and cooling, as well to achieve good practices in the transposition of regional planning documents. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Intelligent Energy Europe programme. The project is being implemented from April 1, 2014 to August 30, 2016.
Energy planning and role of municipalities A.Pētersone, Head of Energy Efficiency Division, Renewable energy resources and energy efficiency Department of the Ministry of Economy Read the presentation (in Latvian)
Development planning documents of Riga Planning Region – thematic action programms and energy planning solutions R.Cimdiņš, Head of Development planning division Riga Planning Region Read the presentation (in Latvian)
Challenges and opportunities of a centralized heating system in municipalities. Regional heating development action programme A.Kamenders, Executive Director Ekodoma Read the presentation (in Latvian)
In order to facilitate development of sustainable district heating, and discuss potential development scenarios and needed policies, a national RES H/C conference was organized on 12 May 2016 in Riga, Latvia. More than 100 participants attended, representing the biggest energy utility companies, representatives from ministries, parliament, municipalities, energy agencies, NGOs, universities and associations.
The conference has been divided into several parts, starting with plenary sessions and presentation from Ministry of Environmental Protection and Regional Development, The European Commission Representation in Latvia, Ministry of Economics, Latvian association of local and regional government, Latvian Association of district heating companies and Ekodoma. After that participants have spited in three parallel sessions were three interlinked question have been discussed. First parallel session was dedicated to question on future of district heating systems, second parallel session was discussing energy performance contracting and third energy planning issues in municipalities. After discussions in parallel session, second plenary sessions in form of discussion was organized. In the plenary representatives from Riga Technical University, Latvian Association of Heat Enterprises, Daugavpils city Council, Salaspils municipality, ESCO company and member of the Parliament were reflecting on main conclusions from parallel sessions and discussing main challenges associated with development of sustainable district heating. Conference was finished with networking activities.
In Latvia district heating is widely used and overall district heating presents potential to utilize low quality energy sources, integrate flexible renewable resources, improve air quality, improve overall system efficiency and possibilities to use excess electricity produced from renewable. To utilize those all different possibilities district heating system should be developed and investments planned in advance. But taking into account that residential sector is the main energy consumer and majority of the Latvian building stock needs to be renovated it is possible that energy demand for heating will drop dramatically. When heating sales are dropping development of new services like energy efficiency service are extremely important. Participants have discussed about new methods for determination of inefficient costs and motivational tools for raising energy efficiency. There is still potential for fuel switch projects and use of RES like biomass, solar or geothermal energy.
It was agreed that in longer perspective district heating companies should develop 4th generation district heating technologies and systems, increase flexibility to permit utilization surplus heat.
On June 8, 2016, the project “RES H/C SPREAD” was presented on the “KEM-Vernetzungstreffen” (climate and energy model regions meeting) in Waidhofen/Thaya in the Province Lower Austria. About 70 managers of Austrian model regions participated to get information about the newest outcomes of different research fields regarding energy efficiency and renewables.
At the beginning the two topics with the highest grade of novelty or relevance of all 19 topics were highlighted by separate presentations. One of these two was “RES H/C SPREAD” focusing on the usage of waste water energy within a 15-minute presentation and two-hour workshop session.
The presentation consisted of the main topics:
Lorenz Strimitzer (AEA): general intruduction, goal and scope of the project; waste water energy as an interesting option for regional planners
Franz Zach (AEA): the different aspects of waste water energy:
theoretical aspects using heat from waste water via heat exchanger and heat pump
in the sewage
after the sewage plant
realized examples in Austria
energy efficiency in the sewage plant
opportunities of financing projects
Gernot Stöglehner (BOKU, project “Abwasserenergie”): spatial planning aspects to enhance the usability of energy resources in the sewage plant externally
different spatial situation of sewage plants
potential of Austrian sewage plants for the Austrian energy system
After this presentation there was a two-hour poster session. Nineteen topics were addressed and the 70 KEM managers could walk from station to station to talk with the experts and to discuss about possible projects in the region.
Our RES H/C-SPREAD “waste water energy team” consisted of Franz Zach and Lorenz Strimitzer.
BOKU: Prof. Gernot Stöglehner
Ochsner Wärmepumpen (heat pump company): Gottfried Adelberger
On six posters (together with the project “Abwasserenergie”) the main aspects of waste water energy use and renewable energies in general were addressed.
In this session a lot of “KEM” managers who were highly interested in this topic discussed with the project team, partially about waste water energy in general due to the fact that it is a quite unknown field in Austria, unlike in other states such as Switzerland or Germany, and in various cases also about concrete project ideas in their region. A large number of new contacts were made and cooperation in the realization of new waste water energy between the project team and Austrian regions is highly likely to take place.
The organization board acknowledged this topic as a very relevant one regarding the energy system of the future. Further cooperation is planned in the near future.
The workshop was held on October 6, 2015 at the Salzburger Institut für Raumordnung (SIR), Salzburg with the participation of 8 policy makers and stakeholders representing local municipality associations and the heat supplier utilities.
The objectives of the meeting were:
Reporting on RES H/C SPREAD plans, maps, cost-benefit-analyses;
Discussion of the results regarding excess-heat potentials and costs and benefits for the region;
Discussion of the integration of results into regional planning processes; agreement on the way forward.
In this framework, the development of a methodology for mapping the excess-heat supply was thoroughly discussed as this resource has a considerable potential in the region. Also the methodology for the cost benefit analysis and the corresponding application scenarios was discussed, and it was agreed that this analysis would be coordinated in accordance with regional needs.
Η Περιφέρεια Δυτικής Μακεδονίας εξέφρασε τη θέληση της να διερευνήσει το ενδεχόμενο ενσωμάτωσης των μέτρων πολιτικής που έχουν συμπεριληφθεί στο περιφερειακό πλάνο θέρμανσης και ψύξης από ΑΠΕ στο γενικότερο ενεργειακό σχεδιασμό της έως το 2030 μέσω της υπογραφής αντίστοιχης υποστηρικτικής επιστολής.
Η κατάρτιση του περιφερειακού πλάνου θέρμανσης και ψύξης από ΑΠΕ στην περιφέρεια Δυτικής Μακεδονίας ολοκληρώθηκε με τη σημαντική συνεισφορά των μελών της Εθνικής Επιτροπής Διακυβέρνησης. Πιο συγκεκριμένα, έξι μέτρα πολιτικής συμπεριλήφθησαν στο περιφερειακό πλάνο στοχεύοντας στην αύξηση της υφιστάμενης διείσδυσης ΑΠΕ για θέρμανση και ψύξη στον οικιακό και τριτογενή τομέα από 21% το 2012 στο 34% το 2030.
The third CGC workshop in Greece was conducted on Wednesday, 10 March 2016 with the participation of 13 stakeholders.
Firstly, the discussion was focused on the assumptions of the CBA analysis regarding the RES technologies for heating and cooling. The preliminary results from the CBA were assessed as realistic and robust. Nevertheless, it was decided to reevaluate some of the assumptions and to conduct a sensitivity analysis for the most uncertain parameters increasing the consensus and the acceptability of the CBA’s outcomes. Emphasis was given also on the utilized figures for the estimation of the externalities. It was noted that the performed CBA should take into account additional social effects, such as the created employment and the increase of the local GVA extending the framework of the analysis. Even if an opposition towards the proposed externalities by the JRC guidelines for the conduction of the CBA was declared, it was decided to utilize them initially in the developed plan. Nevertheless, it was agreed to initialize a procedure in order to quantify additional externalities in cooperation with CRES, ANKO and local universities and research centers through the implementation of specialized techniques. Furthermore, the developed plan should be updated integrating the findings from these initiatives. Finally, it was clarified that the aim of the plan is to homogenize all the relevant assumptions from the corresponding studies and to result in commonly agreed values.
Then the proposed policies and the corresponding mechanisms were assessed as rationale, while it was highlighted the necessity to take into account all the planned policies at regional level in order to facilitate the wide acceptance of the developed regional plan. In any case additional financial schemes and innovative mechanisms should be examined in cases that the existing financial mechanisms will be proved as inefficient. Furthermore, it was highlighted that the developed plan should be utilized as the main tool by the regional authority mobilizing the required investments by all the available funds.
Finally, the continuous update of the plan with the integration of additional measures is considered as a prerequisite in order to ensure the fulfillment of the regional plans’ established targets.
The 2nd CGC workshop was conducted on Wednesday, 24 June 2015 with the participation of 16 stakeholders.
In the beginning, the methodology for the data collection and the estimation of the heating and cooling demand were presented. The preliminary results were assessed as robust and realistic, while it was highlighted the problem that the available data are not homogeneous and that significant differences exist between theoretical and actual energy consumption, which must be taken into consideration during the development of the H/C plan. Moreover, the issue regarding the determination of the optimum level of spatial analysis was elaborated taking into account the availability and accuracy of the required data.
Then, the discussion was focused on the draft regional maps of the RES H/C supply and demand potential. Minor modifications were proposed, such as the utilization of common units and colors, while it was decided to send the draft regional maps to all the stakeholders in order to assess the reliability and accuracy of the estimated figures. Moreover, specific questions were raised regarding the antagonism role of the energy crops in the estimated biomass potential and the calculations about the estimated biogas potential.
Considering the CBA results, it was agreed to evaluate various RES technologies in 5-10 different scenarios for the identification of the most effective scenario, which will be utilized finally for the development of the regional RES H/C plan. For this task is crucial the integration of additional environmental and social criteria into the already selected criteria (share of RES and CO2 emissions). In any case, the specified criteria should be compatible with the established criteria of the Operational Program 2014-2020 for the economic support of RES technologies.
Finally, a preliminary discussion about the potential policies and measures, which will be integrated into the regional H/C plan, was conducted identifying potential barriers and opportunities.
The Rhodope plan was prepared in collaboration with a number of local and regional authorities, energy agencies and others and this has made the plan both in line with regional and local priorities and well-accepted by all relevant authorities. In this context, the plan has been endorsed by the three most relevant regional bodies:
Council on Sustainable Energy at Smolyan District. The council consists of energy experts from the district, municipalities in the district, and other organizations. The plan endorsement took place at the council meeting on 25th May 2016, following the presentation of and discussions regarding the plan.
The General Assembly of the Association of Rhodope Municipalities. The GA, consisting of the mayors and representatives of the municipal councils of all member municipalities, held its regular meeting on 26th May 2016. At this meeting, the plan was presented, discussed, and endorsed. An ad-hoc working group responsible for the plan’s implementation and monitoring has been established at ARM.
Council on Energy Efficiency at Kardzhali District. The council consists of energy experts from the district, municipalities in the district, and other organizations. The plan was endorsed at the council meeting on 31st May 2016, which was entirely dedicated to the plan.